Berwick Elizabethan Town Walls
Berwick’s town walls are its most famous piece of architecture and still stand strong today, hundreds of years after they were built. Berwick actually has two sets of walls, the first – of which only fragments now remain – was commenced by Edward I, and was two miles long. The later Elizabethan Walls is a mile and a-quarter in length. The ramparts completely surround the town, with four gates through the walls.
Berwick’s Elizabethan Walls are the only example of bastioned town walls in Britain and one of the best preserved examples in Europe. When built in 1558 – designed to keep out the marauding Scots who regularly laid claim to the town – it was the most expensive undertaking of England’s golden age.
The walls were built to an Italian design and contained bastions which were designed to allow gunfire covering every part of the wall. Outside the curtain wall and bastions, there were wide water-filled ditches to deter potential invaders.
Walking around the town walls takes about 45 minutes and is a great way to discover Berwick’s turbulent history You can also take in stunning views over the town and look out towards the wide sandy beaches of the North Sea and the Tweed estuary with its colony of mute swans.
Opening Times: Open all year. The Elizabethan Walls are open all year round and can be walked at any time during daylight hours.
Costs: Free Admission
Photo Credits: © Dean Gartland / Berwick Tourist Information Centre
For further information please visit: http://www.visitberwick.com